Trades and Technology

This Focus Area addresses a spectrum of education and skills in areas such as industrial and commercial trades, and in many computer and telecommunication technologies. It is well suited for students who have spatial intelligence and enjoy working with their hands. The Focus Area provides opportunities to develop knowledge, skills and competencies in such specialty areas as carpentry, mechanics, metal work, welding, electronics, drafting and design, and information technologies.

Sample interests, skills and competencies related to this focus area

  • Interest in doing hands-on projects
  • Interest in figuring out how things work
  • Interest in mechanical things
  • Applied math skills that are relevant to industry applications
  • Technical reading and writing skills
  • Ability to locate information and understand updates to processes, codes, and regulations
  • Applied science skills (e.g. applied physics)
  • Safety skills, including a knowledge of safety rules and hazard identification
  • Understanding that use of technologies can affect the environment
  • Critical thinking and problem solving while working on a project
  • A craftsmanship attitude: the desire to do one's best work
  • Good hand-eye coordination

Sample options after Grade 12 graduation

  • Employment: Automotive Parts Warehouse Worker
  • Employment: Drafting Assistant
  • Employment: Computer Help Desk Support Person
  • Apprenticeship training: in a variety of trades
  • Certificate program: Trades Training in a variety of trades
  • Certificate program: Diesel Engine Electronics
  • Diploma Program: Computer Systems Technician
  • Diploma Program: Electronics Technician
  • Diploma Program: Mining Technology
  • Degree Program: Bachelor, Geographic Information Systems
  • Degree Program: Bachelor of Technology in Electronics

Sample occupations

  • Plumber
  • Carpenter or Cabinetmaker
  • Pipe Fitter
  • Electrician
  • Instrumentation Mechanic
  • Power Engineer
  • Aircraft Maintenance Engineer
  • Millwright
  • Machinist
  • Communications Repair Technician
  • Welder
  • Transit: Driver or Mechanic
  • Heavy Equipment: Operator or Mechanic

Elective courses that best fit this Focus Area

Ministry Authorized Courses

  • Automotive Technology 11 and 12
  • Carpentry and Joinery 11 and 12
  • Metal Fabrication and Machining 11 and 12
  • Electronics 11 and 12
  • Drafting and Design 11 and 12
  • Welding 11 and 12
  • Information Communication Technology 11 and 12
  • Secondary School Apprenticeship 11 and 12
  • Work Experience 12

Board/Authority Authorized Courses

  • General Mechanics
  • Industry specific courses
  • Auto Body Repair
  • Wood Products Manufacturing

Community Learning

  • Occupational First Aid
  • Confined Spaces and WHMIS training
  • Lock Out and Personnel Protective Equipment Training
  • Computer Certification courses

Sample course packages for Business and Applied Business Focus Area

Student #1

Tim has always been interested in mechanics and has helped his dad work on a variety of cars. He lives in a part of the province where heavy equipment is used in many industries and hopes to become a Heavy Duty Mechanic. His Focus Area courses include Automotive Technology 11 and 12, plus the specialty courses Automotive Technology 12: Electricity and Electronics and Automotive Technology 12: Engine and Drive Train.

Student #2

Erin is not sure what she wants to do after graduation, but she is interested in designing and creating products from an artistic perspective. Her school has both a metal shop and drafting lab. Her Focus Area courses include Drafting and Design 11 and 12, Metal Fabrication and Machining 11, and Metal Fabrication and Machining 12: Art Metal and Jewelry.

Student #3

Christine wants to become a Computer Network Technician and hopes to complete a basic Computer Certification program while in secondary school. She plans to continue her studies by enrolling in an Information Technology diploma program at her local college after Grade 12. Her Focus Area courses include Computer Information Systems 11 and 12 plus two external courses offered by her school in Computer Certification.

Student #4

Sean is interested in becoming a Power Engineer. He takes advantage of a Career Technical Program that integrates secondary and postsecondary courses. His program in grades 11 and 12 includes two semesters at his secondary school, two semesters at a college and significant work experience. His Focus Area courses consist of Work Experience 12 and technical courses completed at the college, for which he earns dual credit, under an agreement between the college and his school district.